Normally, the immune system fights foreign bodies to protect the body. In autoimmune diseases, it attacks its own healthy organs and tissues mistaking it as foreign bodies. S.L.E or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is one such chronic inflammatory disease of the immune system.
The major breakthrough in the identification of Lupus took place when Morton, Richmond and Hargraves revealed LE cells at the Mayo Clinic in the year of 1948. This serologic finding marks the foundation of the modern era in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
There are types of lupus, but SLE is the most common type. However, when one says ‘Lupus’, it is generally referred to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE. The word ‘Lupus’ stands for ‘wolf’ in Latin. In middle age, this disease was marked by erosive skin lesions that resemble a wolf’s bite.
According to Lupus Foundation of America, 1.5 million Americans are living with Lupus. However, the count of actual fighters is much higher and still not diagnosed. It can affect any body part including skin, joint, kidneys, lungs, heart, blood vessel as well as the brain.
The symptoms of Lupus range between mild and mortally severe. People with Lupus can live a normal life. However, there are phases when the symptoms worsen, causing a trigger. Extreme cases of SLE have lead to thousands of deaths. It is generally seen in people aging from 14 to 55. Moreover, it is nine times more common among women than men.