A Suitable Pulmonary Embolism Diet

Author: Sandy

Posted On: July 4, 2014

Pulmonary Embolism (P.E) or Venous Thromboembolism (V.T.E.) is the common reason that leads the patients who are hospitalized for a long time. It is a sudden blockage due to blood clot that travels from leg to lung. Blood clots are generally treated with Wafarin drug which slows down the rate of Pulmonary Embolism through reduction of blood clot formation. The motto of a wafarin or pulmonary embolism diet is to facilitate the efficacy of wafarin treatment.

Wafarin works by reducing the Vitamin K in the blood clotting course. It is important the International Normalized Ratio or I.N.R of the blood is regularly monitored. Ideally it should be 2.0 to 3.0. A large intake of food rich in Vitamin K could disturb the effectiveness of Wafarin. Hence you need to understand what to eat, and how much to eat. Intake of Vitamin K should be proportionate if it is too low that it increases the risk of bleeding.

So, as you are struggling with Pulmonary Embolism and blood clots, you must be taking blood thinner or anticoagulant drug and you need to keep the level of the vitamin K in your body balanced and maintain the INR.

Here, the question arises how to do so. Is it possible by avoiding the food rich in Vitamin K like dark, green veggies totally? The answer is; No, absolutely not. Our body needs all kinds of nutrients, and stability of vitamin K level will help Wafarin work effectively. Your suitable pulmonary embolism diet is a customized plan with proportionate and balanced  amount of all the nutrients (including Vitamin K) depending on your health conditions.

  1. Include all range of food, but in permissible quantity.
  2. Plan out your daily meals and stick to that strictly. Balanced Vitamin K is essential for a steady INR. People with low level of Vit- K are at risk of highly variable INR.
  3. Avoid making big changes at one go and living on a juice regimen. A sudden change in your diet can make a drastic change in your INR. Like cutting off all the Vitamin K rich food and instead consuming high quantity of food like cranberry, avocado, green tea, soya milk, grape juice.
  4. Alcohol intake needs to be limited to one or two standard drink per day. Like 100 ml of wine, 30 ml of spirit or 285 ml of beer.
  5. Consult with your doctor while making adjustment with the vitamin K intake. In case you are going on a vacation and would be away from your usual eating regimen, speak to your treating doctor to guide you on the adjustments to take care off.
  6. Consult your doctor regarding the digestive system and the diet you are having. When you have any digestion related problem, duly inform you doctor that you are on Wafarin. There could be an interaction between the two.
  7. Inform your doctor about the Herbal medication or supplements that you are taking. Ginger, garlic, Antibiotics, Aspirin like medications and herbs don’t go with Wafarin.
  8. Ensure with your doctor that your daily multivitamin or supplement containing Vitamin – K is monitored and taken daily. Making changes is not highly advisable.
  9. Vitamin A, C and E when consumed in large quantity effect blood clotting. Avoid doing so.

Let me include a list of food, vegetables, and grains, fruits which are low in Vitamin K and are suggested for a Wafarin Diet;

Vegetables Serving Vitamin Content
Canned or Raw Sweet Corn 1 cup Low
Raw or Cooked Beet 1 cup Low
Cooked Pumpkin 1 cup Low
Raw or Cooked Onion 1 medium Low
Cooked Potatoes 1 cup Low
Cooked Sweet Potatoes 1 cup Low
Cooked Eggplants 1 cup Low
Raw or Cooked White Mushrooms 1 cup Low
Raw Tomatoes 1 cup Low
Cooked Shiitake Mushrooms 1 cup Low
Cooked Tomatoes 1 cup Low
Cucumber 1 cup Low
Green Peas (Frozen or Cooked) ½ cup Low
Capsicum (Green and Red) 1 capsicum Low
Soyabeans (Cooked or Boiled) ½ cup Low
Cauliflower 1 cup Low
Celery 1 stalk Low
Summer Squash 1 cup Low
Raw or Cooked Turnips 1 cup Low
Bamboo Shoots 1 cup Low

Fruits

Serving

Vitamin Content

Watermelon

1 cup diced

Low

Apple

1 medium

Low

Strawberries

1 cup

Low

Peaches

1 medium

Low

Pineapple

1 cup

Low

Banana

1 medium

Low

Litchis

1 cup

Low

Oranges

1 medium

Low

 

Kindly make sure to avoid grape fruits, blackberries and cranberries.

Grains

Serving

Vitamin Content

Yellow Cornmeal

1 cup

Low

White Cornmeal

1 cup

Low

Plain Pasta

1 cup

Low

Whole Wheat Bread

1 slice

Low

Barley

1 cup

Low

White And Brown Rice

1 cup

Low

Oatmeal

1 cup

Low

Millet

1 cup

Low

Bulgur

1 cup

Low

Quinoa

1 cup

Low

Dairy Products

Meat/Fish  Beverages Fat and Oil Others

Yogurt

Tuna Fruit Juices Sunflower Oil Honey

Butter

Chicken Black Tea Peanut Oil

Sugar

Egg

Pork Coffee Sesame Oil Peanut Butter

Milk

Turkey Cola Corn Oil

Cheese

Beef

Tips for A Suitable Pulmonary Embolism Diet

  1. Don’t make big changes to your diet at once. Small changes are better to begin with.
  2. On daily basis, an adult male is allowed for 120 mcg of Vitamin K and a female is allowed for 90 mcg.
  3. Avoid drinking Cranberry juice and alcohol as it increases the effect of Wafarin leading to bleeding.
  4. The Vitamin K content in Avocado varies in each fruit. It is safer to avoid them.
  5. Oregano, Dried Basil are rich in Vitamin K. Better, use only a teaspoon.
  6. Purchased mayonnaise and margarine contains unpredictable amount of vitamin K. Consumption should be checked and not more than few teaspoons.
  7. Avoid Green tea.
  8. Choose home-made salad dressings over those available in the market.
  9. Keep your eyes open for food which are naturally low in Vitamin K, but packed in unknown oil like tuna fish. Better choose foods packed in water.
  10. Cooking doesn’t alter the Vitamin K of the food.
  11. Make sure to consult with your healthcare provider, before you start Wafarin. Share your eating habits with him.

Monitor you PT or INR regularly, a drop in it would bring you higher risk of Pulmonary Embolism. Increased INR also means higher risks of bleeding. A suitable Wafarin Diet or Pulmonary Embolism Diet doesn’t mean to cut down all the Vitamin K elements from your dietary, but to strike a balance.

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